Tunable Photocatalytic Activity of Palladium-Decorated TiO2: Non-Hydrogen-Mediated Hydrogenation or Isomerization of Benzyl-Substituted Alkenes
Ayda Elhage, A.E. Lanterna and J.C. Scaiano, “Tunable Photocatalytic Activity of Palladium-Decorated TiO2: Non-Hydrogen-Mediated Hydrogenation or Isomerization of Benzyl-Substituted Alkenes”, ACS Catal., 7 (1), 250-255 (2017).
Palladium-decorated TiO2 is a moisture- and air-tolerant versatile catalyst. Its photocatalytic activity can be tuned in favor of hydrogenation or isomerization of benzyl-substituted alkenes simply by changing the irradiation wavelength. Benzyl-substituted alkenes are selectively isomerized to phenyl-substituted alkenes (E-isomer) with complete conversion over Pd@TiO2 under H2-free conditions. The reaction can be thermally induced under air or driven by visible-light irradiation at room temperature under Ar. UV irradiation in methanol solvent leads to efficient hydrogenation. The fine-tunability of the catalyst can also be used for selective deuterium incorporation using deuterated solvents; here H/D exchange is used as a mechanistic tool but with clear potential for isotope substitution applications.