Plasmon heating mediated Friedel-Crafts alkylation of anisole using supported AuNP@Nb2O5 catalysts
C. G. Dos Santos, D.T. Marquez, C.-O.L. Crites, J.C. Netto-Ferreira and J.C. Scaiano, "Plasmon heating mediated Friedel-Crafts alkylation of anisole using supported AuNP@Nb2O5 catalysts", Tet. Lett., 58, 427-431 (2017).
Two different hybrid materials composed of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) supported on either commercial niobium oxide HY 340 or mesoporous niobium oxide catalyzed the Friedel-Crafts alkylation of anisole by benzyl chloride. Excitation of the surface plasmon of the supported AuNPs allowed the reaction to occur at lower temperatures by acting as an alternative heat source. The localized heating produced via plasmon excitation permitted the acid catalyzed reaction to occur - at the Lewis acid sites on the Nb2O5 support - at 80 °C while thermal-dark reactions using a conventional heat source, required temperatures of 120 °C or higher. The catalytic activity of the tested hybrid materials decreased with storage time. However, the deactivation showed to be reversible upon lyophilisation indicating that the nature of the deactivation could be due to water adsorption.